|Version 19 (modified by 14 years ago) ( diff ),|
The Decision Making module is designed to support decision making by large groups of Crisis Management Experts. It guides experts to generate, debate and creates a ranked list of alternative solutions that reflects the group's opinion.
Increasingly, extreme events demand large groups of experts distributed in both location and time to communicate, plan, and coordinate actions. When responding to extreme events, very often there are both alternative actions that might be considered and far more requests for actions than can be executed immediately. The relative desirability of each option for action could be a collaborative expression of a significant number of emergency managers and experts trying to manage the most desirable alternatives at any given time, in real time. This same decision process could be used for a number of tasks but will be designed for distributed dynamic decision making during time critical phases of extreme events. This is because our proposed system is specially designed to save time, remove ambiguities, and decrease uncertainty, major challenges described in the literature on time critical decision making during the volatile time critical phases of emergency.
Phase I- will be used to refer to the first build of the system. This is testing how all of the functionality play together and tests to see if, together this improves group decision making ability in an online asynchronous environment.
Subjects will be used synonymously with Users and Experts. This is created for Experts who are Users of the system and Subjects of the study.
1.Propose a new option to consider
2.Comment on any option proposed
3.Vote on a relative comparison of any two options
4.View the votes to find both disagreements and agreements
5.Change their votes based upon discussion feedback and new options
6.View a linear interval scale for the options based upon current votes
7.View a modified interval scale based upon the missing votes for any options showing the degree of uncertainty in the relative position of an item in the scale resulting from those that have already voted.
- Calculation for vote/revote (their first initial vote is kept, present vote, then a new vote (which is compared to the present vote and updated))
- Each item is voted upon with paired comparisons which produces a frequency count which is turned into a percentage number which is matched up with the corresponding number on a Unit Normal Table which finally produces a rank.
- A calculation for uncertainty is done: everyone who can vote - those who did
So there are three scales:
- one from the calculation from Thurstone (of which code is available for the unit normal conversion table)which takes many individual votes and calculates one group opinion.
- one with this, but including uncertainty (those who didn't vote) showing the best case outcome (if all votes go in favor of that item).
- and then the third shows the opposing side (uncertainty) where the items will stand on a vote given they receive no more votes.
I think the major part is a lot of nested arrays to represent the matricies.
The following diagram shows how it's important for functionalities to be available with as few 'clicks' as possible. this saves time and gets experts to the information they need as quickly as possible. This shows the 5 primary functionalities required of the system
The Primary Interface Design mimics that of Web2Py - this design can be better seen on the original Research Proposal. link provided under 'background documentation below. Figure 10.6 Screenshot of Integrated Functionality.
-/(+) means that each list below can be expanded or contracted.
This layout corresponds with the design above.
THE DECISION MAKING MODULE USER INTERFACE
[Lists | Voting | Discussion | Scales ]
A user creates the problem representation, create lists
-/(+)[ GroupName ]
- ListName1 [ discussion | vote |scale] created by UserName
- ListName2 [ discussion | vote |scale] created by UserName
- ListName3 [ discussion | vote |scale] created by UserName
(function to) create list with listname:
Where votes can be made, changed or put on hold
- voteList1 [ vote | change vote | select items ] creates new expert Scale, group Scale, Uncertainty
- voteList2 [ vote | change vote | select items ] creates new expert Scale, group Scale, Uncertainty
- voteList3 [ vote | change vote | select items ] creates new expert Scale, group Scale, Uncertainty
Forums for corresponding List where experts can post reply and/or agree or disagree with a prior post
- forumDiscussion1.html [ post new | view]
Scales offered to experts
- scaleList1.html [ pindividual | group | uncertainty | side by side]
- scaleList2.html [ pindividual | group | uncertainty | side by side]
This next screen shows how paired comparisons can be presented to the user. This can be checkboxes or just something that indicates that one of the pairs has been selected over the other.
The Decision Making System Welcome BigFoot (logout)
Gasoline Resource Allocation
Description: There are 30,000 gallons on reserve. This is all of the supply for the next 30 hours. There are many groups in need of this fuel. How should this be allocated?
Criteria: Which group needs the gasoline the most?
Please select one item from each pair that you consider needs gasoline more than the other.
o Hospital, o Reserve
o Hospital, o National Guard
o Emergency management personnel, o National Guard
o National guard, o Reserve
o Reserve, o Emergency Management Personnel
o Emergency Management Personnel, o Hospital
Scales Visualized for Feedback
This is the way I'd like to see the scales for feedback (3) - This is how Thurstone presented them. However, the lines drawn out to the right which bring out other dimensions is NOT required. This is just to demonstrate that other dimensions can be brought out from the results which could provide further insight. This is for a human to do though.
A Dynamic Delphi Process Utilizing a Modified Thurstone Scaling Method: Collaborative Judgment in Emergency Response
The Formal Research Proposal
Need to request access:
- CollExpJud.pdf (169.5 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- ThurstoneScale.png (94.5 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- ThurstoneScale.2.jpg (32.3 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- ThurstoneScale.jpg (32.3 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- dm5.jpg (32.0 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- dm6.jpg (46.9 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- dm3.jpg (57.0 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- ItemSelectionUI.jpg (48.6 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- homeUI.jpg (149.2 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
- pairCompUI.jpg (98.6 KB ) - added by 14 years ago.
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