Changes between Version 6 and Version 7 of GIS/OpenStreetMap


Ignore:
Timestamp:
06/04/14 13:26:44 (7 years ago)
Author:
Fran Boon
Comment:

Move data from Install

Legend:

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  • GIS/OpenStreetMap

    v6 v7  
    1414If you need to run offline then you need to set up your own Tile Server:
    1515* http://switch2osm.org/serving-tiles/manually-building-a-tile-server-12-04/
     16
     17* http://weait.com/content/build-your-own-openstreetmap-server
     18* http://weait.com/content/make-your-first-map
     19* http://dbsgeo.com/foss4g2010/pdf/osm-rendering-foss4g2010.pdf
     20
     21!OpenStreetMap data can be stored in a PostGIS database & rendered using Mapnik.
     22
     23To support !Key/Value pairs:
     24{{{
     25apt-get install postgresql-contrib-8.4
     26su postgres
     27psql -d gis -f /usr/share/postgresql/8.4/contrib/hstore.sql
     28}}}
     29
     30To support Planet diff files:
     31{{{
     32su postgres
     33psql gis < /usr/share/postgresql/8.4/contrib/_int.sql
     34}}}
     35
     36=== Osm2pgsql ===
     37 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Osm2pgsql
     38
     39It is recommended to use the latest version from source rather than an out of date package:
     40{{{
     41apt-get install build-essential libxml2-dev libgeos-dev libpq-dev libbz2-dev proj autoconf subversion libtool
     42svn export http://svn.openstreetmap.org/applications/utils/export/osm2pgsql/
     43Optional (patch updated from original here): http://www.mail-archive.com/dev@openstreetmap.org/msg12768.html
     44#wget http://eden.sahanafoundation.org/raw-attachment/wiki/InstallationGuidelinesGISDataLinux/osm2pgsql_centroid.patch
     45cd osm2pgsql
     46#patch -p0 < ../osm2pgsql_centroid.patch
     47./autogen.sh
     48./configure
     49sed -i 's/-g -O2/-O2 -march=native -fomit-frame-pointer/' Makefile
     50make
     51make install
     52# Fix needed for SVN version 0.70.5
     53cp default.style /usr/local/share
     54}}}
     55
     56=== Mapnik ===
     57 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mapnik
     58 * http://mike.teczno.com/notes/mapnik.html (Advanced Tips)
     59
     600.7.1 is packaged for Squeeze:
     61{{{
     62apt-get install python-mapnik unzip
     63}}}
     64
     65Download the !OpenStreetMap extensions for Mapnik:
     66{{{
     67cd
     68svn export http://svn.openstreetmap.org/applications/rendering/mapnik
     69}}}
     70
     71Download/decompress Coastlines:
     72{{{
     73cd
     74wget http://tile.openstreetmap.org/world_boundaries-spherical.tgz
     75wget http://tile.openstreetmap.org/processed_p.tar.bz2
     76wget http://tile.openstreetmap.org/shoreline_300.tar.bz2
     77wget http://www.naturalearthdata.com/http//www.naturalearthdata.com/download/10m/cultural/10m-populated-places.zip
     78wget http://www.naturalearthdata.com/http//www.naturalearthdata.com/download/110m/cultural/110m-admin-0-boundary-lines.zip
     79cd ~/mapnik
     80tar zxvf ~/world_boundaries-spherical.tgz
     81tar jxvf ~/processed_p.tar.bz2 -C world_boundaries
     82tar jxvf ~/shoreline_300.tar.bz2 -C world_boundaries
     83unzip ~/10m-populated-places.zip -d world_boundaries
     84unzip ~/110m-admin-0-boundary-lines.zip -d world_boundaries
     85}}}
     86
     87Disable autovacuum:
     88{{{
     89vim /etc/postgresql/8.4/main/postgresql.conf
     90#autovacuum = on
     91/etc/init.d/postgresql restart
     92}}}
     93
     94Download/Import area of interest, e.g.:
     95{{{
     96#wget http://downloads.cloudmade.com/north_america/haiti/haiti.osm.bz2
     97#su postgres
     98#osm2pgsql -s -d gis haiti.osm.bz2
     99wget http://labs.geofabrik.de/haiti/2010-11-24-14-43.osm.bz2
     100su postgres
     101osm2pgsql -s -d gis 2010-11-24-14-43.osm.bz2
     102}}}
     103
     104Re-enable autovacuum:
     105{{{
     106vim /etc/postgresql/8.4/main/postgresql.conf
     107autovacuum = on
     108/etc/init.d/postgresql restart
     109}}}
     110
     111Setup XML file:
     112{{{
     113cd ~/mapnik
     114./generate_xml.py --accept-none --dbname gis --symbols ./symbols/ --world_boundaries ./world_boundaries/
     115}}}
     116
     117Render tiles:
     118{{{
     119cd ~/mapnik
     120vim generate_tiles.py
     121render_tiles(bbox, mapfile, tile_dir, 0, 8, "World")
     122#minZoom = 10
     123#maxZoom = 16
     124#bbox = (-2, 50.0,1.0,52.0)
     125#render_tiles(bbox, mapfile, tile_dir, minZoom, maxZoom)
     126# Haiti
     127bbox = (-74.668, 17.884, -71.659, 20.232)
     128render_tiles(bbox, mapfile, tile_dir, 9, 17, "Haiti")
     129# Muenchen
     130# comment all under here
     131
     132mkdir /var/www/tiles
     133chown postgres /var/www/tiles
     134ln -s /var/www/tiles
     135su postgres
     136MAPNIK_MAP_FILE="osm.xml" MAPNIK_TILE_DIR="tiles/" ./generate_tiles.py
     137}}}
     138=== Contours ===
     139 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Contours#The_PostGIS_approach
     140
     141{{{
     142apt-get install gdal-bin
     143}}}
     144
     145[http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/ SRTM3] data:
     146{{{
     147mkdir ~/mapnik/srtm
     148cd ~/mapnik/srtm
     149wget http://mapnik-utils.googlecode.com/svn@170/sandbox/testing/hillshading/srtm_generate_hdr.sh
     150chmod +x srtm_generate_hdr.sh
     151cp srtm_generate_hdr.sh /usr/local/bin
     152vim process_srtm3.sh
     153#!/bin/bash
     154PREP_TABLE="1"
     155for X in *.hgt.zip; do
     156    yes | srtm_generate_hdr.sh $X
     157    rm -f "${X%%.zip}"
     158
     159    # Import 10m contours
     160    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.shp" "${X%%.hgt.zip}.shx" "${X%%.hgt.zip}.dbf"
     161    gdal_contour -i 10 -snodata 32767 -a height "${X%%.hgt.zip}.tif" "${X%%.hgt.zip}.shp"
     162    [ "$PREP_TABLE" ] && shp2pgsql -p -I -g way "${X%%.hgt.zip}" contours | psql -q gis
     163    shp2pgsql -a -g way "${X%%.hgt.zip}" contours | psql -q gis
     164
     165    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.shp" "${X%%.hgt.zip}.shx" "${X%%.hgt.zip}.dbf"
     166    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.bil"
     167    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.hdr"
     168    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.prj"
     169    rm -f "${X%%.hgt.zip}.tif"
     170    unset PREP_TABLE
     171done
     172
     173# Haiti
     174wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N17W072.hgt.zip
     175wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N18W072.hgt.zip
     176wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N18W073.hgt.zip
     177wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N18W074.hgt.zip
     178wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N18W075.hgt.zip
     179wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N19W072.hgt.zip
     180wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N19W073.hgt.zip
     181wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N19W074.hgt.zip
     182wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N19W075.hgt.zip
     183wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N20W073.hgt.zip
     184wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N20W074.hgt.zip
     185wget http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/N20W075.hgt.zip
     186
     187chown postgres .
     188su postgres
     189sh process_srtm3.sh
     190}}}
     191
     192Since we are non-commercial, we should be able to use the SRTM4.1 data from [http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org CGIAR], however the Shapefile production crashed when it reached 2Gb.[[BR]]
     193Example for Haiti:
     194{{{
     195cd ~/mapnik/srtm
     196wget http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org/SRT-ZIP/SRTM_V41/SRTM_Data_GeoTiff/srtm_22_09.zip
     197unzip srtm_22_09.zip
     198gdal_contour -i 10 -snodata 32767 -a height "srtm_22_09.tif" "srtm_22_09.shp"
     199su postgres
     200shp2pgsql -p -I -g way "srtm_22_09" contours | psql -q gis
     201shp2pgsql -a -g way "srtm_22_09" contours | psql -q gis
     202}}}
     203
     204Configure Mapnik:
     205{{{
     206vim ~/mapnik/osm.xml
     207# Under line &layer-shapefiles;
     208&layer-contours;
     209vim ~/mapnik/inc/layer-contours.xml.inc
     210<Style name="contours10">
     211        <Rule>
     212                &maxscale_zoom14;
     213                &minscale_zoom17;
     214                <LineSymbolizer>
     215                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#9cb197</CssParameter>
     216                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.5</CssParameter>
     217                </LineSymbolizer>
     218        </Rule>
     219</Style>
     220<Style name="contours50">
     221        <Rule>
     222                &maxscale_zoom14;
     223                &minscale_zoom17;
     224                <LineSymbolizer>
     225                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#9cb197</CssParameter>
     226                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.6</CssParameter>
     227                </LineSymbolizer>
     228        </Rule>
     229        <Rule>
     230                &maxscale_zoom12;
     231                &minscale_zoom13;
     232                <LineSymbolizer>
     233                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#747b90</CssParameter>
     234                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.6</CssParameter>
     235                </LineSymbolizer>
     236        </Rule>
     237</Style>
     238<Style name="contours100">
     239        <Rule>
     240                &maxscale_zoom14;
     241                &minscale_zoom17;
     242                <LineSymbolizer>
     243                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#9cb197</CssParameter>
     244                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.7</CssParameter>
     245                </LineSymbolizer>
     246        </Rule>
     247        <Rule>
     248                &maxscale_zoom12;
     249                &minscale_zoom13;
     250                <LineSymbolizer>
     251                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#747b90</CssParameter>
     252                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.7</CssParameter>
     253                </LineSymbolizer>
     254        </Rule>
     255        <Rule>
     256                &maxscale_zoom10;
     257                &minscale_zoom11;
     258                <LineSymbolizer>
     259                        <CssParameter name="stroke">#855d62</CssParameter>
     260                        <CssParameter name="stroke-width">0.7</CssParameter>
     261                </LineSymbolizer>
     262        </Rule>
     263</Style>
     264<Style name="contours-text50">
     265        <Rule>
     266                &maxscale_zoom14;
     267                &minscale_zoom17;
     268                <TextSymbolizer name="height" face_name="DejaVu Sans Book" size="8" fill="#747b90" halo_radius="1" placement="line" />
     269        </Rule>
     270</Style>
     271<Style name="contours-text100">
     272        <Rule>
     273                &maxscale_zoom14;
     274                &minscale_zoom17;
     275                <TextSymbolizer name="height" face_name="DejaVu Sans Book" size="8" fill="#747b90" halo_radius="1" placement="line" />
     276        </Rule>
     277        <Rule>
     278                &maxscale_zoom12;
     279                &minscale_zoom13;
     280                <TextSymbolizer name="height" face_name="DejaVu Sans Book" size="8" fill="#855d62" halo_radius="1" placement="line" />
     281        </Rule>
     282</Style>
     283<Layer name="srtm_10" status="on" srs="+proj=latlong +datum=WGS84">
     284        <StyleName>contours10</StyleName>
     285        <StyleName>contours-text10</StyleName>
     286        <Datasource>
     287                <Parameter name="table">(select way,height from contours WHERE height::integer % 10 = 0 AND height::integer % 50 != 0 AND height::integer % 100 != 0) as "contours-10"</Parameter>
     288                &datasource-settings;
     289        </Datasource>
     290</Layer>
     291<Layer name="srtm_50" status="on" srs="+proj=latlong +datum=WGS84">
     292        <StyleName>contours50</StyleName>
     293        <StyleName>contours-text50</StyleName>
     294        <Datasource>
     295                <Parameter name="table">(select way,height from contours WHERE height::integer % 50 = 0 AND height::integer % 100 != 0) as "contours-50"</Parameter>
     296                &datasource-settings;
     297        </Datasource>
     298</Layer>
     299<Layer name="srtm_100" status="on" srs="+proj=latlong +datum=WGS84">
     300        <StyleName>contours100</StyleName>
     301        <StyleName>contours-text100</StyleName>
     302        <Datasource>
     303                <Parameter name="table">(select way,height from contours WHERE height::integer % 100 = 0) as "contours-100"</Parameter>
     304                &datasource-settings;
     305        </Datasource>
     306</Layer>
     307}}}
     308
     309==== Hillshading ====
     310 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/HikingBikingMaps#Hill_Shading
     311
     312=== Serve Tiles ===
     313Tiles can simply be served by Apache:
     314{{{
     315vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/mysite
     316<VirtualHost *:80>
     317  ServerName mysite.org
     318  Alias /tiles     /var/www/tiles
     319  <LocationMatch "/tiles/">
     320    Order Allow,Deny
     321    Allow from all
     322  </LocationMatch>
     323</VirtualHost>
     324apache2ctl restart
     325}}}
     326
     327=== WMS ===
     328In order to serve the OSM data via WMS then can use mod_mapnik_wms:
     329 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mod_mapnik_wms
     330{{{
     331gpg --gen-key
     332apt-get install pbuilder debsigs apache2-prefork-dev libmapnik-dev libgd2-xpm-dev
     333svn export http://svn.openstreetmap.org/applications/utils/mod_mapnik_wms
     334cd mod_mapnik_wms
     335sh autogen.sh
     336vim debian/mapnik_wms.load
     337LoadFile /usr/lib/libmapnik.so.0.7
     338
     339debuild
     340}}}
     341
     342This data can then be converted by !GeoServer into a KML !SuperOverlay to display in Google Earth:
     343 * http://geoserver.org/display/GEOS/GSIP+47+-+WMS+cascading
     344 * http://docs.geoserver.org/stable/en/user/googleearth/tutorials/superoverlaysgwc.html
     345
     346=== Rails Port ===
     347This is needed to allow editing of the data using Potlatch, JOSM, etc
     348 * http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/The_Rails_Port
     349
     350{{{
     351apt-get install imagemagick libmagick9-dev
     352apt-get install ruby ruby1.8-dev libxml2-dev libxml-ruby1.8 libxml-parser-ruby1.8 rubygems librmagick-ruby
     353gem install -v=2.3.8 rails
     354#gem install libxml-ruby
     355#gem install composite_primary_keys
     356#gem install rmagick
     357gem install timecop
     358gem install pg
     359gem install oauth
     360
     361#svn co http://railsexpress.de/svn/plugins/sql_session_store/trunk sql_session_store
     362
     363apt-get install postgresql-contrib libpq-dev
     364su postgres
     365createuser openstreetmap -s -P
     366createdb -E UTF8 -O openstreetmap openstreetmap
     367createdb -E UTF8 -O openstreetmap osm_test
     368createdb -E UTF8 -O openstreetmap osm
     369psql -d openstreetmap < /usr/share/postgresql/8.4/contrib/btree_gist.sql
     370
     371apt-get install git
     372cd /home
     373git clone git://git.openstreetmap.org/rails.git
     374cd rails
     375cp config/postgres.example.database.yml config/database.yml
     376vim config/database.yml
     377
     378rake gems:install
     379rake db:migrate
     380env RAILS_ENV=production rake db:migrate
     381rake test
     382
     383osmosis --read-xml-0.6 file="planet.osm.bz2" --write-apidb-0.6 populateCurrentTables=yes host="localhost" database="openstreetmap" user="openstreetmap" password="openstreetmap" validateSchemaVersion=no
     384
     385select setval('acls_id_seq', (select max(id) from acls));
     386select setval('changesets_id_seq', (select max(id) from changesets));
     387select setval('countries_id_seq', (select max(id) from countries));
     388select setval('current_nodes_id_seq', (select max(id) from current_nodes));
     389select setval('current_relations_id_seq', (select max(id) from current_relations));
     390select setval('current_ways_id_seq', (select max(id) from current_ways));
     391select setval('diary_comments_id_seq', (select max(id) from diary_comments));
     392select setval('diary_entries_id_seq', (select max(id) from diary_entries));
     393select setval('friends_id_seq', (select max(id) from friends));
     394select setval('gpx_file_tags_id_seq', (select max(id) from gpx_file_tags));
     395select setval('gpx_files_id_seq', (select max(id) from gpx_files));
     396select setval('messages_id_seq', (select max(id) from messages));
     397select setval('sessions_id_seq', (select max(id) from sessions));
     398select setval('user_tokens_id_seq', (select max(id) from user_tokens));
     399select setval('users_id_seq', (select max(id) from users));
     400
     401cd /home/rails
     402ruby script/server
     403
     404cd db/functions
     405make libpgosm.so
     406
     407    * Log into PgSQL and execute the CREATE FUNCTION statement from maptile.c's comment:
     408
     409 CREATE FUNCTION maptile_for_point(int8, int8, int4) RETURNS int4
     410 AS '/path/to/rails-port/db/functions/libpgosm', 'maptile_for_point'
     411 LANGUAGE C STRICT;
     412
     413 CREATE FUNCTION tile_for_point(int4, int4) RETURNS int8
     414 AS '/path/to/rails-port/db/functions/libpgosm', 'tile_for_point'
     415 LANGUAGE C STRICT;
     416
     417}}}
     418
    16419== Vector Overlays ==
    17420Can have OSM Vectors displayed over the top of other Base Layers (e.g. Satellite Images)
     
    131534sudo -H -u postgres psql -d osm -c "select max(tstamp) from nodes";
    132535}}}
     536
     537---
     538
     539[wiki:GIS GIS]