Version 23 (modified by Nuwan Waidyanatha, 8 years ago) ( diff )


BluePrint: Myanmar Specifications

Current SAMBRO Installation at DMH


This is a SAMBRO specific deployment. SAMBRO is customized for the Myanmar context. The Department Meterorology and Hydrology (DMH) of the Ministry of Transport is leading the implementation in Myanmar. DMH is the authority for Meteorological, Hydrological, and Seismological event detection and warning. DMH will work with other agencies, listed in the table below, to facilitate the implementation of a Multi-Agency Situational-Awareness platform for improving their institutional responsiveness to coastal-hazards.


The stakeholders listed will be involved in the implementation.

Organization Subscriber Publisher Administrator Roles and Responsibilities
Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) X X X * Monitor/detect and issues warnings on tropical cyclones, storm surges, floods, earthquakes and tsunamis
* Warnings are issued to the public through TV and Radio and alerts are shared with RRD
Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) X X * Receive warnings from DMH
* Responsible for using the administrative network down to the village (actual name???) to relay the warnings to the households
Ministry of Health (MOH) X
Myanmar Red Cross Society X
Department of Agriculture X
Department of Irrigation X
General Administration Department X
Fire Service Department X
Myanmar Port Authority X
Myanmar Port and Telecommunication X
Fishing Department X

Implementation benefits and expect outcomes

  • Google Crisis Response hosted Google Alert Hub will be able to receive public alerts from Myanmar to disseminate through the Google products.

User Stories


  • DMH Seismology Division issue warning and bulletins
    • warning are issued for probable tsunami events
    • bulletins for earthquake news;
  • Detection and monitoring is through:
    • DMH local network
    • USGS and other regional centers.
  • Tsunami warning are sent to Navy, Coast Guard, and 40 other Ministries and Departments
  • Technologies used for dissemination: FAX, telephone (voice), SMS, and SSB
  • No public warning system for sudden onset (Less than 30 minutes) tsunami's originating from the Andaman Sea. Currently awareness programs have trained people to react if they feel the earthquake and hear the sea roar;
    • possible solution is using Cell Broadcast CB for public with a mobile application that can be activated using a CB signal


  • River forecasting - Hydrology Stations currently manually monitor the water level rise and inform DMH head Office in Nay Pyi Taw
  • Currently issue flood warning and daily bulletins
    • warnings are significant water level bulletin
    • daily bulletins of the river water level
  • Causes for water level rise:
    • Rains in the Northern parts of Myanmar
      • especially rains in northern Ariyawadi area affect downstream Ariyawadi delta
      • water can rise 12 feet in 16 hours (significant water level rise)
    • Glacier melting
  • Alerts must be issued to low lying farmers (agriculture areas) with significant water level rise alerts
  • Alerts are disseminated to
    • To Disaster Management Committee; President Office ... 40 departments
    • FAX, PSTN, SSB; MRTV FM Radio (commercial radio)


*Issue warning on:

  • strong wind warning,
  • tropical cyclone
  • heavy rain warning
  • untimely warning (usually rains are in May/June but abnormal situations with heavy rains in April)
  • bulletins (any meteorological activity originating in the Bay of Bengal
    • daily bulletins
    • Ten (10) day
    • Monthly (1 month)
    • Quarterly (3 month)
    • Semiannual (6 month)
  • DMH refers to other regional Meteorological Dept. websites (e.g. Thai, Korean, Japanese Met Departments)
  • Collect the data based on past situations and forecast present situation;
  • Any event of interest is discussed with DMH Officers to make a decision on to issue warning or not
  • Alerts are disseminated
    • through FAX, phone, website, facebook, SSB;
    • sent to RRD, President Office; Ministry of Defense; Min of Health, NEOC; MRTV; FM Radio (commercial radio)...around 40 departments



Relief and Rehabilitation




Red Cross

TV and Radio


  • Might want to have the Public page use Markers not Polygons?
  • What NEWS FEEDS do you want to see in the Home page?
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