wiki:BluePrint/Testing/TestSuite

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BluePrint: Test Suite

Introduction

This blueprint outlines the development of the automatic testing framework. This automatic testing framework will provide robust testing of the code-base and ensure proper maintenance of the code.

Whenever some changes are added in the current code, it has to be validated and tested upon with the integration with the other components of the code. So, this framework will provide this support.

With tests running on a scheduler, continuous testing can be done. This is important to Sahana, seeing the rapid movement of the code-base. Currently, Sahana has automatic test framework, whose details can be found here

Stakeholders

  • Developers - With an automatic testing framework setup, it will be relatively easier for the developers to test their changes in the code.
  • People who want to deploy Sahana - They would like to run the tests to ensure that the system is integrated well and ready for deployment.
  • Bug Marshalls

User Stories

  • Developers will run the test suite on making changes to the code to test if their code works with the integration of the system. If their changes do not break the tests, then their code is viable for merging.
  • Developers may also see the test results mailed to the list to see the possible bugs introduced into the system.
  • On a regular basis, the "bug marshals" review the test results sent by the CI Server and see if the reported negatives are false negatives or true negatives. If they are false negatives, they fix the tests or log a ticket on the trac for a bug in the testing code. If they are true negatives, they log a ticket on the trac for a bug in the code on which testing is done or fix the bug themselves.
  • Clients who want to deploy will run the test suite to check the functionality of the system.

Use Case Diagram

Requirements

Functional

CI Server

  • Maintain the CI Server to-
    1. Run the tests daily
    2. Generate an aggregated report for all the templates
    3. Send the report via email

Selenium Tests

  • Run Selenium Tests in multiple templates with multiple user accounts.
  • Create an abstraction for the Selenium Tests so that they are easier to read, write tests and the tests are more robust.

Role Tests

  • Extend Role Tests to run on different templates(Currently is limited to the IFRC roles for RMS)

Smoke Tests

  • Run Smoke tests in multiple templates.

Load Tests

  • Load Tests : Will measure performance of Eden given the load under both normal and anticipated peak conditions.

General To All Tests

  • Clearer Error Messages in a way that anyone can reproduce them.

Design

Workflows

CI Server

  • The CI Server -
    1. Fetches the latest code from Github Repository
    2. Runs the tests daily.
    3. Generates the report which includes -
      1. Template Name
      2. Test Name
      3. Location of test script in Eden
      4. Traceback, record details in case of failure of test
      5. Pass Status in case of passed test
    4. Saves the aggregate report of the tests on the server at http://82.71.213.53/RESULTS/.
    5. Mails it to the concerned people.
  • People may also subscribe to receive the test results via email.

Selenium Tests

  • The tests are organized template-wise. There are tests which are intended to work on a specific template and those which are intended to work in general on all templates.
  • The general tests run against each and every template where the target functionality is available. For templates where the functionality is not available, the test auto-deactivate.
  • The test suite -
    1. Provides a set of functions(create, search, edit) which will take the tablename, labels of the field and the record data as input.
    2. Automatically checks the type of field(option, autocomplete, text, date, datetime, etc) being used in the current template and fill the form accordingly.
    3. Takes the command line arguments to specify which browser the tests should run on(Firefox and Chrome are already implemented)
  • With this, a code-template is created which just needs to be copied, pasted and fed in the record when creating a new Selenium test. This ensures that writing Selenium tests are as easy as giving a test case. A sample code-template can be of the form -
# Create Method
def test_<testname>_create_<module_name>(self):
    self.login(account, nexturl)    # already implemented
    # The data which is to be added to the table
    data_list = [ ( column_name1, data1 ), ( column_name2, data2 ), .. so on ]
    self.create(tablename , data_list)

# Search Method
def test_<testname>_search_type_<module_name>(self):
    self.login(account, nexturl)    # already implemented
    search_fields = [ ( column_name1 , [label1, label2, ..] ),    # the list of labels are those which 
                                                                  # are to be searched for under column_name1 
                      ( column_name2 , [label1, label2, ..] ),
                      .. so on ]

    self.search(type, tablename, search_fields)    # type can be simple or advanced

# Edit Method
def test_<testname>_edit_<module_name>(self):
    self.login(account, nexturl)    # already implemented
    # The new data which is to be edited in the table
    edit_list = [ ( column_name1, data1 ), ( column_name2, data2 ), .. so on ]
    self.create(tablename , edit_list)

Role Tests

  • The role tests are currently run only on the IFRC template. The test suite should automatically generate data for multiple templates so that the role tests can be run on them as well.

Load Tests

  • The load tests will test the amount of load Eden can take under normal and peak conditions. So, the load tests should be divided into phases, with each phase incrementally increasing the number of users and requests. Features of Tsung can be used to do this effectively.

Deactivation of Tests

  • To ensure that tests(role, selenium, smoke) work across templates and do not show false negatives when run on a different template, a check has to be made if the module it is to work on is enabled/disabled. If the module is disabled, then the test should automatically deactivate and an appropriate message should be included in the test report.

Technologies

CI Server

  • For setting up the CI Server, some of the technologies which can be used are given here - ContinuousIntegration
  • The CI Server will run the tests using a cronjob scheduling the shell scripts.

Selenium Tests

  • For functional tests, Selenium Tests are used. The selenium tests should work across browsers. Currently, there is support for Firefox Webdriver(upto version 16) and Chrome Webdriver. We need to provide support for Safari Webdriver, Opera Webdriver and Internet Explorer Webdriver.

Smoke Tests

The Smoke tests visit every link in Eden to check for errors on a page and broken links. For this, twill and mechanize are used.

Role Tests

  • The Role tests(which currently run only on the IFRC template and uses Selenium Unit Test) are to extend to run on multiple templates.

Load Tests

  • Tsung

Implementation

Current Implementation

The Seleium tests can be run on mainly IFRC template. With some changes, they can be run on the default template as well. However, they don’t work across templates.

The unit tests expect that some particular modules are enabled in the template. If they are not enabled and unit tests are run in that template, then false negatives are reported.

Current implementation can be found here -

https://github.com/flavour/eden/tree/master/modules/tests

Unit tests and benchmark tests can be found here -

https://github.com/flavour/eden/tree/master/modules/unit_tests

Future Work

  • Adapt tests to meet needs of evolving CI Server(SysAdmin/ContinuousIntegration). The tests should successfully run on the CI Server both locally and remotely.
  • For Continuous Integration, an instance of Eden can also be used which will enable Scheduling, enable subscription of notifications for test results, can also provide formatted results.

References

Blueprint on General Ideas - BluePrintTesting

Current Implementation - QA

DeveloperGuidelinesTesting

SysAdmin/ContinuousIntegration

BluePrint

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