wiki:DeveloperGuidelines/PrePopulate

Version 7 (modified by Bhaavan Merchant, 9 years ago) ( diff )

Typo correction

Developer Guidelines: Pre-Populate

Introduction

We need to be able to import data into a Sahana Eden instance for testing, demos and to help with getting up and running such as:

  • Item Catalogue
  • Organisation List
  • Assets
  • Warehouse Supplies
  • Human Resources (Staff & Volunteers)
  • Locations (Administrative Boundaries)

Methods

On First Run

The template selected in models/000_config.py will be examined to see if it contains a config.py. If it does then that file's settings.base.prepopulate is used to control prepopulate, unless overridden in models/000_config.py.

The setting is a list of directory names and will import data from a number of CSV files. The directories must be in the private/templates directory tree and must include a file called tasks.cfg.

The prepopulate deployment setting can also be a number which will relate to a single directory defined in folders.cfg....the number is easier to manage in deployment shell scripts.

Deployment setting examples

Use the Shipment folder as the starting point for the prepopulate.

deployment_settings.base.prepopulate = ["Standard"]

Uses the roles to import some special roles and then the user directory which is a special directory which is external to the version control and so private data (potentially sensitive data - such as volunteer details) can be held and then imported.

deployment_settings.base.prepopulate = ["roles", "user"]

The tasks.cfg file comprises a list of import jobs. They can be of two distinct types:

  • Basic Importer Jobs
  • Special Import Jobs

The tasks.cfg file supports the # character on the first column as a comment.

Prepopulate folders

Within the private/templates there are a number of different folder:

  • default - base data, such as lookup lists, which will be needed in the production deployment
  • demo - user data which is useful for demo or training instances
  • regression - data for testing
  • roles - data for setting up roles for different types of permissions.

The private/templates/default folder contains default data which is commonly used by all instances of Sahana Eden, so you could include default in the deployment_settings.base.prepopulate list.

Basic Importer Jobs

These will use the UI Importer to load in the data and requires the following information:

  • The controller
  • The function
  • The CSV
  • The XSL transform file

For example:

"survey","question_list","questionnaire24H.csv","question_list.xsl"

Which will use the questionnaire24H.csv file, which in this case will be in the same directory as the tasks.cfg file, to import the data. Using the question_list.xsl transform file which will be the static/formats/s3csv/survey directory. The importer will then use the survey/question_list function to "manage" the import using any onvalidate or onaccept callbacks that are set up by this controller.

The CSV file does not need to be in the same directory as the tasks.cfg file, if it is held in a different file then the full path needs to be given relative to the private/templates directory.

All transform files are stored in the static/formats/s3csv directory tree.

Special Import Jobs

For some import jobs it is easier to create a purpose built import function rather than use the Importer. These are created by using a asterisk at the start of the line in the tasks.cfg file, as follows:

*,gis_set_default_location,defaultlocation.csv

This uses the csv file default_location.csv and the function gis_set_default_location to set, in this case, the default location. Another special function is import_role which is used to import user permissions (or roles) examples of the roles and what the csv looks like can be found in the private/templates/roles directory.

URL Import

Data can be imported using URL calls:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/eden/supply/item/create.s3csv
?filename=/home/web2py/applications/eden/static/formats/s3csv/eric.csv
&transform=/home/web2py/applications/eden/static/formats/s3csv/eric.xsl

However this method isn't easily automated

Also see: UserGuidelinesImporter

Python Script

This offers us better options to automate the import of data.

# Function to handle conflicts
s3mgr.configure("supply_item", deduplicate=response.s3.item_deduplicate)
resource = s3mgr.define_resource("supply", "item")
resource.import_xml(open("/home/web2py/applications/eden/static/formats/s3csv/eric.csv", "r"),
                    format="csv",
                    stylesheet="/home/web2py/applications/eden/static/formats/s3csv/eric.xls")

Should we have a wrapper function for this which is easily accessed from the CLI?

Rationale:

  • People could create their own "Deployment" pre-populate directories with unique (& contextual) data which could be used to easily create simulations. ( And be a great GCI task )
  • We should separate csv from xsl (xsl could very easily confuse semi-technical users)
  • CSV templates should be easily downloaded - prepopulate data should not (always) be
  • All XLS should be in trunk (even if it is for private data) and have a matching CSV Template
  • Then a configuration file can be created where you can just list the CSV file names which you want to be imported when Sahana Eden is initialized. Copies of this files could be saved in the private/templates/<deployment>/ directory then a config setting could select which file to use, to make it easy to set up Sahana Eden to have different types of data in it.

See:

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