wiki:S3/S3AAA/OrgAuth

Version 55 (modified by Dominic König, 8 years ago) ( diff )

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OrgAuth

OrgAuth are security policies based on policy 5 (table-level permissions) which allow each of the organizations using the same instance of Sahana Eden to control who can access their respective data and with which permissions.

Realms

Person Entities

A person entity is a type of records describing business entities which involve one or more individual persons. This can be, e.g., organisations, offices, teams, and of course persons.

Person entity types implement the pr_pentity super-entity:

        table = define_table(tablename,
                             super_link("pe_id", "pr_pentity"),
                             ...

        s3db.configure(tablename,
                       super_entity="pr_pentity",
                       ...

To retrieve the person entity ID (pe_id) of any instance record, you can use:

    pe_id = s3db.pr_get_pe_id(tablename, record_id)

Organisation Units

In an organizational structure, a person entity can be a sub-unit (organization unit, OU) of another person entity. E.g. an office can be a sub-unit of an organisation, or a person a sub-unit of a team.

Functions to introspect and manipulate the OU Hierarchy are in particular:

  • pr_add_affiliation
  • pr_remove_affiliation
  • pr_update_affiliations
  • pr_get_ancestors
  • pr_get_descendants

Realms

The realm of a person entity is the set of all records controlled ("owned") by this entity (="their data"). The realm which a particular record belongs to is encoded as person entity ID (pe_id) in the realm_entity field in this record. The "realm_entity" field - if present in the table - gets automatically populated in CRUD and Imports (during create), using the auth.s3_set_record_owner method.

The entity whose realm a record will belong to will be calculate according to the following (in order of decreasing priority):

1. 'Global 'auth.realm_entity function:

It is possible to set a global method for the realm_entity hook in the config.py of the respective template:

settings.auth.realm_entity = function

The global function must accept (table, row) as parameters, and return the pe_id (Person Entity ID) of the realm entity.

If the function returns 0, then set_record_owner will fall back to the table-specific realm_entity setting.

2. Table realm_entity function:

s3db.configure(tablename,
               realm_entity = function_or_lambda)

The table function must accept (table, row) as parameters, and return the pe_id (Person Entity ID) of the realm entity. NOTE: As the global realm_entity function overrides any table-specific setting (this is deliberate), to retain a table specific setting, you must repeat it in the global realm_entity function.

If the realm_entity hook returns 0, then set_record_owner will fall back to the standard cascade (see below).

4. pe_id field in record

This does not apply for pr_person records: individual users should not have their own realm as there is no per-user functionality to control their realm.

5. organisation_id field in record

6. site_id field in record

7. group_id field in record

8. None

If none of the above apply, then the record will not belong to any realm.

Where that is the case, the user's realms don't need to match the record's realm, whilst all other access restrictions still apply - i.e. the record is not "public", but rather "shared" across all realms.

Role Restrictions

In all OrgAuth policies (6, 7 and 8), a role assignment for a user (and thus all the permissions the user receives out of this role) can be restricted to a particular realm:

  • to remove role assignments, tick the respective checkboxes under "Roles Currently Assigned" and then click "Remove.
  • to assign another role, choose the role from the drop-down list under "Assign Another Role", choose the realm for the assignment from the "For Entity" drop-down and then click "Add".

NOTE: The ANONYMOUS, AUTHENTICATED and ADMIN roles can not be restricted to a realm, but always apply site-wide.

The realm for each role assignment can be chosen from the "For Entity" list. This list is grouped by entity type (try scrolling down to see them all) and ordered alphabetically:

In this list there is also an entry for All Entities which means that this role assignment is not restricted to a realm, but applies site-wide (=for all records regardless of their respective realm entity).

The entry Default Realm means all entities the user is (or will be) an organisation unit of at the time of the request authorization.

NOTE: The "Default Realm" setting can be dangerous and may be inappropriate for most multi-tenancy settings, because the user would automatically receive this role for any entity they will ever join in future - without that entity being anyhow in control of this. However, in certain deployments, this dynamic realm may still be convenient practice.

To check which realms a role of the current user applies for, you can access:

    realms = current.auth.user.realms[role]

This can either be a list of the PE IDs (=this role applies for all records where realm_entity belongs to this list) or None (=this role applies site-wide).

Realm Hierarchy

In policies 7 and 8, realms follow the OU hierarchy. That is, the realm of an entity includes all the realms of all organization units (OU) of this entity.

Access Delegation

OrgAuth policy 8 additionally allows the delegation of access rights for a realm to other entities (rather than to particular users), thus facilitating controlled data sharing at the organization level.

Restriction Level

PolicyRole assignments are restricted to
6the realm of a person entity
7the realm of a person entity including the realms of any of its organisation units
8the realm of a person entity including the realms of any of its organisation units + delegated realms

Delegations of Permissions

A person entity can allow another entity to access records within their realm with the permissions of a certain user role. This is called "delegation".

All users which are affiliated with the other entity (or any of its organisation units) can then exercise the permissions of the delegated role on the realm of the delegating entity provided they would have the same permissions for the realm of the other entity.

Example:

  • if OrgA allows OrgB to access their realm with the "HR Editor" role, then all users affiliated with OrgB are permitted to edit human resource records of OrgA if they are permitted to edit human resource records for OrgB.

NOTE: Delegations are not personal. If a user is no longer affiliated with the receiving entity, they can not receive permissions out of the delegations to this entity anymore - and vice versa. For personal delegations, it is better to use a direct role assignment for the realm of the delegating entity.

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