|Version 2 (modified by 10 years ago) ( diff ),|
Table of Contents
S3Navigation is an S3 module providing a generic framework for the implementation of navigation elements in the web UI.
S3NavigationItem is a base class for the implementation of navigation items, and provides the common logic for all types of navigation items as well as an API for renderers.
Navigation items are UI elements to navigate the application, and can appear as menus, breadcrumb rows, tab rows, and various other types of links. They all have in common that they are linked to request URLs and usually get activated by clicking them.
The S3NavigationItem class is not meant to be used directly for the implementation of navigation items. Instead, it should be subclassed for each type of navigation items the user interface needs. Subclasses of S3NavigationItem are supposed to implement the layout of the respective item type, and are therefore referred to as Layouts.
To implement a Layout, create a new subclass of S3NavigationItem and implement a (static) method layout:
class MyMenuLayout(S3NavigationItem): @staticmethod def layout(item): # Layout implementation goes here
The layout method takes an instance of the layout class as parameter, and returns an instance of a web2py HTML helper class (DIV or a subclass of it). This HTML instance is what eventually gets written into the view.
The layout method can make use of the renderer API to retrieve the item's attributes and flags.
Defining Navigation Items
Once you have implemented the Layout, you can create instances of it to define the particular navigation elements. The elements can be nested using the call-method:
my_menu = MyMenuLayout("Home")( MyMenuLayout("First Item"), MyMenuLayout("Second Item"), MyMenuLayout("Submenu")( MyMenuLayout("First SubmenuItem"), MyMenuLayout("Second SubmenuItem") ) )
Each particular item can receive any number of keyword parameters. The following keyword parameters are used by the base-class:
|label||string||The label for the item (if any)||always the first parameter, so the keyword can be omitted; labels which are not already |
|r||Request||The request object||if passed, then the item inherits |
|a||string||The application name in the target URL||inherited from parent item|
|c||string||The controller name in the target URL||inherited from parent item|
|f||string||The function name in the target URL||inherited from parent item|
|args||list of strings, or string||the arguments in the target URL||if passed as single string, the arguments must be separated by slashes|
|vars||dict of strings||the query variables in the target URL|
|extension||string||the URL extension (data format extension) in the target URL||defaults to |
|p||string||the permission required to access this item||defaults to m|
|m||string||the URL method for the request||defaults to "", will be appended to |
|t||string||the name of the table the permission is required for||defaults to |
|tags||list of strings||a list of tags for this item||tags can later be used to address this item in the menu tree, e.g. to update flags|
|parent||the parent item||set the parent item explicitly||special purpose, defaults to |
|translate||boolean||False will prevent automatic localization of the item label|
|layout||function||use this function to render this item instead of the layout of the class|
|check||boolean, function or mixed list of these types||conditions to check before rendering||functions will be called with the item as parameter and are expected to return a boolean|
|restrict||list of role IDs or UIDs||restrict access to this item to these roles|
|link||boolean||whether to link this item to the specified target URL or not||defaults to |
|mandatory||boolean||override active check - item is always active||not implemented yet|
All other keyword parameters will be stored in the item instance and passed on to the
layout method - keywords starting with an "_" underscore will be stored in
item.attributes, all other keywords in
item.options (it is up to the layout method to deal with those then).
Rendering Navigation Items
To render a navigation element, just put it into the view like:
This will call the layout method of the element, provided whenever the element is active (i.e. relevant for the current request).