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Table of Contents
- Get the Sahana Eden development kit image
- Install VirtualBox
- Import the image into the virtual machine
- Connect to the network
- Start the virtual machine
- You may want to change the dev password.
- Conditionally update Web2py, Eden, and the operating system
- Next steps
- Notes on the configuration
- Notes on using Linux (mainly for non-Linux users)
- Procedure for making a new virtual machine image
Installation Guidelines: Virtual Machine
The most convenient way to get up and running is to use a pre-configured development kit -- a complete operating system that's been set up to include all the required code and tools, and saved as an image of the system's disk -- and run this "virtual system" (sometimes called an "appliance") in a "virtual machine" (VM). The virtual machine runs as an application on your machine -- the "host" machine -- and emulates a separate computer -- the "guest" machine. You won't have to install anything but the virtual machine directly on your system. (We're including the official virtual machine jargon in case you need to read virtual machine documentation. We'll use "VM" to refer to the guest virtual machine. The virtual machine "manager" will be the tool that is used to configure and start your VM.)
Get the Sahana Eden development kit image
- Download the current virtual machine image: EdenDevEnv.ova (2.4 Gb). Estimated time for download on a high-speed network connection is an hour (but it could take considerably longer depending on network speed and ISP policies on large downloads). Updated: 2014-09-29.
- Note: If clicking the link does not download the file, right-click the link and select "Download Linked File" or "Save Page As...".
- Verify the MD5 checksum and file size in bytes, to assure that the download completed correctly. Commands and correct output are shown.
- Linux and MacOS:
wc -c EdenDevEnv.ova 2414475776 EdenDevEnv.ova md5sum EdenDevEnv.ova 3a7e7935b3f340f780d2c07331f0a6ef EdenDevEnv.ova
- Windows -- two options:
- Install the File Checksum Integrity Verifier from Microsoft.
(If you do not want to put this in your Path environment variable, then use the full path for fciv.exe.)
dircommand will show the size in bytes. (The date and other
diroutput are not relevant, and the size may be formatted differently per locale.)
fciv.exe EdenDevEnv.ova // // File Checksum Integrity Verifier version 2.05. // 3a7e7935b3f340f780d2c07331f0a6ef edendevenv.ova dir EdenDevEnv.ova ... 09/29/2014 06:08 AM 2,414,475,776 EdenDevEnv.ova ...
- Or, if you have Cygwin, use the Linux commands above.
- Install the File Checksum Integrity Verifier from Microsoft. (If you do not want to put this in your Path environment variable, then use the full path for fciv.exe.) The
- Linux and MacOS:
- Download the appropriate VirtualBox binary and extension pack for your system. (You won't need the SDK.)
- Run the installer (by whatever means is appropriate for your system).
- Let it install all features.
- Note: The installation will temporarily disconnect your machine from the network.
Import the image into the virtual machine
- Start VirtualBox Manager (or let the installer start it).
- Give VirtualBox Manager the image to run:
- File -> Import Appliance. screenshot
- Click the Open appliance... button. Navigate to the EdenDevEnv.ova file and select it. screenshot
- Click Next (or Open, for a Mac).
- (Do not uncheck any options on the appliance options form.)
- Click Import. screenshot
- Wait for the Import process to finish. screenshot Estimated time:5 minutes
Connect to the network
Next tell the VM about your machine's network interface, so the guest can get to the network.
- Scroll down on the right side of VirtualBox Manager until you see Network -- click the link on the word "Network" to open the Network panel. (This may take a minute to load.)
- If no adapters are enabled, enable adapter 1.
- For "Attached to", you have an option:
- NAT will work in all cases, so is the default. It does not support using your VM as a server to be accessed from other machines.
- "Bridged Adapter" will generally work with a wired Internet connection, but may not work on all WiFi networks
- When in doubt, chose NAT. If you try Bridged and the network is not available in the virtual machine, shut it down and change this to NAT. (The first symptom of no network may be an error in automated update checking.)
- For "Name", select the appropriate network interface, e.g. wireless if that's what you're using. (Keep this setting in mind -- you may need to change it if you sometimes use a wired network, and sometimes wireless.)
Start the virtual machine
On the left side of the VirtualBox Manager GUI, you should see your new "EdenDevEnv" virtual machine.
- Double-click the virtual machine entry to start it. screenshot
- The default user will be automatically logged in. The default user's username and initial password are:
- User: dev
- Password: eden
- If a Linux update window has popped up, click "Ask Me Later" to dismiss it (see below for more information on updating Linux). screenshot
You may want to change the dev password.
- Start a terminal window by double-clicking the LXTerminal icon. (It may be hidden by popup windows at the top of the screen at first.)
- To change your password, type
passwdand follow the instructions.
Conditionally update Web2py, Eden, and the operating system
The Eden code is updated (much) more frequently than is the VM image, so the Eden branch supplied in the image will be out of date. So, too, will be Web2py and the Linux distribution, but those will typically not need frequent updating. We recommend only updating Eden, unless you know that new versions of Web2py or the Linux distribution are needed.
Note if you are using a wireless network that redirects to a login form or "terms and conditions" page, then before you use git to update Eden and Web2py, start Firefox and (attempt to) go to any site, so you can take care of logging in or signing up with the wifi provider. Otherwise git, which uses https, will get redirected to the login form, and you'll get an error indicating that the wifi provider's site is not GitHub...
Note you may get a warning about being unable to find SSH keys. No keys are set up initially, but later if you want to submit changes on GitHub, you nay want to set up your own SSH keys instead of using your GitHub username and password in the git command.
Start a terminal window by double-clicking the !LXTerminal icon.
You will almost certainly want the latest revision of Eden:
cd /home/web2py/applications/eden git pull origin master
(If / when you set up your own GitHub repository that is a "fork" of the main Eden repository, you'll want to change the name of the main Eden repository from "origin" to "upstream", so that you can use "origin" to refer to your own repository.)
If you are working on a specific branch for a particular event (e.g. RHoK), then you can add that branch to your repository:
cd /home/web2py/applications/eden git remote add <branch_name> https://github.com/flavour/<branch_name>.git git fetch <branch_name>
Now you have both the trunk ("master" branch) and the specific branch <branch_name> in your local repo.
If, for some reason, you need a specific revision of the current branch, do the following:
cd /home/web2py/applications/eden git checkout -b <revision> <branch_name>
(git requires a name for a branch if you want to preserve commits.)
To update Web2py to the latest revision:
cd /home/web2py git pull origin master
On occasion, the latest revision of Web2py is not stable, or is incompatible with the current version of Eden. Check the topic in the #sahana-eden IRC channel on freenode for the latest known-safe revision. The following shows checking out a specific revision as the master branch, by first renaming master, then checking out the desired revision as master, then getting rid of the former master branch.
cd /home/web2py git branch -m master latest_master git checkout -b <recommended_revision> master git branch -D latest_master
Optionally update the operating system
Caution -- this is no longer recommended as standard procedure. If the Linux kernel is upgraded, that will de-install the VirtualBox "guest additions" package, which enables such things as file sharing between the host and guest, and copy-and-paste between the host and guest. Procedures for re-installing it are linked below.
Although it's usually good advice to update the operating system and applications to pick up security fixes, updating may lead to incompatibilities with other software, and has been known to render the system unusable. So do the following only if you know there is a security issue or need more recent software, and not when you're in the middle of something critical.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Installation is complete here.
Next, start Web2py and Eden.
- Compare the files
web2py/applications/eden/private/templates/000_config.py. If there are any changes in the
private/templates/000_config.pyfile, update the
models/000_config.pyfile with those changes.
- Start Web2py in Eclipse's Debug configuration. To do this, open Eclipse, open Web2Py by clicking "File," then "Open File," then selecting Web2Py.py in the Web2Py directory. Then click on "Run" in the toolbar and "Debug." screenshot
- Access the application using Firefox. To do this, make sure the application is currently running in Eclipse, then open Firefox and type in the Web2Py URL, "127.0.0.1:8000".
- Have a look at the rest of the developer's wiki.
- Try out this familiarization exercise.
Notes on the configuration
These are a few notes on what's included, Linux usage, etc. They're not part of the installation.
Which Linux is this?
The virtual machine image is based on Lubuntu -- a lightweight distribution derived from Ubuntu, using the LXDE desktop manager. It is configured to use about 1024MB of RAM with a dynamically-sized virtual disk which can expand to 10GB. The virtual machine is built on the latest Lubuntu ISO, which in turn is based on Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtail -- the most recent long-term support release). LXDE replaces the Unity desktop manager.
Bridged networking vs. NAT
There are two options for having the host and guest share the physical interface, NAT or bridged. NAT is less obtrusive but bridged provides more capability to the guest. For instance, with a bridged connection, one can run a server in the guest that can be accessed from other machines. See this discussion of the differences between NAT and bridged modes. The installation procedure offers an option, but recommends NAT to start with, as it works with more network arrangements. In particular, NAT works with WiFi, where bridged may not.
Several useful tools have been installed:
- git - Version control system. Hosting is provided by GitHub
- Firefox with Firebug for examining what is sent to the browser, and viewing HTTP messages sent to and from the browser.
- Eclipse with PyDev for editing and debugging Python code.
- Scripts for updating the Eden code and other tools.
- iPython -- a fancier Python command line than the standard. (Note not everyone prefers this.)
- irssi - IRC chat client more in wikipedia
Notes on using Linux (mainly for non-Linux users)
Web2py is located in /home/web2py. Eden is located in /home/web2py/applications/eden. Eclipse and PyDev are preconfigured with this information.
The root account
The root account is the privileged user on Linux, but you don't need to log in as root to perform privileged tasks like installing software. You can act as root without knowing the root password with the
sudo command -- the dev account has the privilege to
In a terminal window, to execute a command with root privileges:
This will prompt for a password if
sudo hasn't been run recently -- it is asking for the current user's password -- here, that's the dev password.
To change passwords after first boot, log in as dev, start a terminal window, and enter the following commands:
sudo passwd root #change root password passwd #change dev password